The food service and catering industry makes a valuable contribution towards the economy which also impacts on society.
Economic contribution Ventures that operate for profit contribute to the local, and national economy. Businesses pay government taxes which allow many projects and community services to be funded such as hospitals. These businesses also purchase food, tools and supplies from other businesses to make their establishment operate and so help to contribute to other business incomes.
Preparing food is labour intensive, so work for the community is generated, as people need to fill these positions. The wages contribute to tax and are also spent on other goods and services within the community, contributing to economic growth.
Social contribution Australian lives are becoming more and more busy. Family sizes are smaller and often both parents are working and children have after school commitments. With so many affordable options available, it is often more time effective for busy people to eat out, get takeaway on the way home or organize functions outside the house for events or celebrations such as birthday parties and weddings.
Food service ventures that operate as non-profit organisations provide many important services to society. Volunteers run often them, for example charity organisations that feed and shelter disadvantaged people who are sick, frail or homeless.
Many clubs, for example sporting and service clubs, operate internal venues such as bistros and canteens. The money earned from these ventures are used within the club to purchase equipment, expand facilities and services which can be used by members. Sometimes the money is used for community projects such as development of facilities like parks or playgrounds.
Economic and Social Value The food service and catering industry makes a valuable contribution towards the community and society as well as groups of people in the community such as families .
Businesses that operate and make a profit benefit the local and national economy . Businesses pay government taxes that allow many projects and community services to be funded. They also purchase goods and supplies from other companies and rely on some other establishments for training of staff etc. The use of other services and agencies help to generate income for people and employees.
Employees and workers also pay taxes to the government who in turn use this money for community services and infrastructure such as transport, health and education.
Australians are depending more heavily on food service providers in many families where both parents work, it saves the individuals time and energy to purchase take away or use other food service options rather than prepare some or all of their meals.
Some food services or establishments operate as non-profit organisations, often with the support of volunteers . These are critical for many people in the community who have low income or who are unable to make and/ or purchase their own foods due to ill-health or old age.
Many clubs, for example catering and service clubs, operate ventures such as bistros and canteens. Income earned from these help to fund valuable equipment and services to club members and perhaps even other groups in the community.
Meals on Wheels
The NSW Meals on Wheels association represents over 230 food service organisations that provide meals for people unable to cater for themselves. This enables frail older people and younger people with disabilities to continue to live in their own homes.
Meals on Wheels have had a long history of providing a community service to Australians. The need for their services is expected to increase in the future because of Australia’s rapidly aging population. The organisation receives government funding to help carry out this important role.
People may request meals on wheels themselves or be referred by a friend, family member, doctor or health care worker. A co-ordinator interviews the person to establish if they are eligible and then arranges a timetable and menu that meets their needs. Once the service starts the meal is delivered by a volunteer but there is also regular contact from the office to monitor and adjust menus when necessary.
A standard meal consists of a soup, main meal and dessert, juice, milk, bread, or fresh fruits are also included to boost nutrition often replace soups during summer. This may vary as cultural and religious needs of the client as well as their health needs are considered. Each meal must provide at least 1/3 of the recommended daily intake of calcium, energy, and fibre as well as ½ the daily-recommended intake of protein and vitamins and minerals.
The costs vary according to where the organisation sources their meals but the usual cost ranges from $3-$5. In rural and remote areas hospitals are. the main source of meals while commercial caters are the main source in metropolitan areas
1. What role does Meals on Wheels play in the community?They service elderly people or younger people with disabilities with meals so that they can continue to live in the comfort of their home. 2. How does Meals on Wheels receive income to support their operation? The people pay from $3- $5 for each meal received, which are delivered by volunteers. 3. What needs are considered when planning meals for customers? A standard meal consists of a soup, main meal and dessert, juice, milk, bread, or fresh fruits are also included to boost nutrition often replace soups during summer. This may vary as cultural and religious needs of the client as well as their health needs are considered. Each meal must provide at least 1/3 of the recommended daily intake of calcium, energy, and fibre as well as ½ the daily-recommended intake of protein and vitamins and minerals. 4. Describe a standard meal provided by the organisation. A soup, main meal, dessert, juice, milk, bread, or fresh fruits are also included to boost nutrition often replace soups during summer. 5. Who prepares and who delivers the meals? Hospitals are generally the main source of meals in rural and remote areas while commercial caters are the more popular in metropolitan areas. Then volunteers deliver. 6. Plan a dinner menu for meals on wheels that would be suitable for an elderly person.
Entree - Pumpkin Soup - Chicken and Corn Soup Main - Beef Lasagne with steamed vegetables and mash potato - Chicken Curry with carrots and mash sweet potato Dessert - Apple Pie with Ice cream - Vanilla Custard with Cinnamon Sides - Fresh seasonal Fruit - 1 Piece Bread - Juice
Carla runs a catering business. She caters for all types of functions from boardroom lunches to weddings and 21st birthdays.
Carla’s business is doing very well. She started by doing most of the work herself but now employs many casuals who either work as kitchen hands or wait staff. The one thing that Carla finds time consuming about running a business is managing the finances. She has to work out staff wages, including their income tax pay food bills, pay rent, pay personal income tax and collect GST for the government. At the same time she is trying to make an income for herself by aiming to make a profit.
The GST is a government goods and service tax which compels service business to add 10% to their prices. Consumers pay this tax and businesses pass it on to the federal government. Many foods are exempt from GST unless a service is involved. GST must be charged on catered food.
1. Is Carla’s business a profit or non-profit making venture? Carla has a profit making business. 2. Suggest 3 or more people or groups that may indirectly benefit from Carla’s business. 1. The Government 2. The establishments that she buys her produce off. 3. Nearby Shops
3. Outline how each person or group benefits Government: She pays them tax. Establishments: Grocers etc. get income from the produce that she purchases. Nearby Shops: Customers from Carla's business may wander over to their shops after a meal etc.
4. Beside yourself, who else in society may benefit from your spending? The shops that l purchase produce from will benefit as well as those working in the shop who get bonuses from my purchases. 5. What is GST? Goods and Services Tax 6. Give 2 reasons why customers would be willing to use a catering service like Carla’s business. - It's very cost effective to pay for people in mass when paying for large groups and a catering business like Carla's is a very economic way to do this. - They can pick things from a varied menu to suit their function best.
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